Orphan Annie’s Mum

I now know that my 2 x great grandmother, Ann Green [Clinch-Campbell] was placed into the Queen’s Orphanage in Hobart Tasmania along with her sister Matilda Green [Year-Gamfield], although their surname was recorded as Barrow.

From previous research, their birth name of Green was used when they married and their mother Ann died as Ann Green.

So what is their mother Ann Green [Barrow’s] story? Starting with the Tasmania Archives convict records, I can use the information found to look for her in the Old Bailey Central Criminal Court records; convict indents, transportation records, convict ship surgeon’s journals and criminal registers on Ancestry; and the Newgate and Millbank prison records at Find My Past along with numerous newspapers.

Old Bailey Central Criminal Court

One newspaper, the Windsor & Eton Express, dated 11th December 1847, gives details that also confirms we have the right person but also opens up another can of worms.

UXBRIDGE – Ann Barrow, alias Greenalias Winkeralias Smitha well-dressed woman, with muff and victorine, and having an infant in her arms, was finally examined, on Saturday, last, at the Uxbridge petty sessions, before T. Dagnall, Esq., on charges of shoplifting; and George Barrow, alias Smith, a respectably dressed man, represented as her husband, was finally examined on charges of uttering counterfeit half-sovereigns. It appeared that on Friday, the 19th ult. the two prisoners, accompanied by a second female not in custody, arrived in the town from the West Drayton station of the Great Western Railway by the omnibus about 2pm., when the two females paid visits to drapers’ shops and made small purchases, amounting to about 3s. in each instance, and, unsuspected, carried off lace from each shop to the value of nearly 50l. Three cases only were gone into, viz., Messrs. Goodman and Noke, 40 yards; Messrs. Johnson and Son, 50 yards; and Messrs. Angel and Taylor, 90 yards, some of which was worth 4s a yard. The female prisoner was fully committed to Newgate for trial in each case. The charges against the male prisoner were then gone into, when it appeared that as they were going back to Uxbridge, after victimising the shopkeepers as above described, they, in passing through Cowley, called at the Fox public-house, where they had some hot gin and water, which the male prisoner paid for with a counterfeit half-sovereign, and received 9s.6d. in change. they then proceeded on to Ruislip, within about 200 or 300 yards of the Railway station, entered the Anchor beer shop, and had a pint of porter, in payment of which he passed another base half-sovereign, receiving 9s. 10d. in change. The two prisoners who got off, were, however, secured, and given into custody of policeman Taylor. He was committed for trial in two cases, and both prisoners were conveyed to Newgate.

Some questions from this article – what’s this name alias Winker? Who is the second female not taken into custody and what happened to the infant?

From the Convict Indents, other family members are listed. Ann’s relations are listed as: Husband John Green transported by the Theresa; Father Robert Wright; Brothers John & Robert & Sister Matilda.

Green, Ann [Barrow]_Convict Indent
Indent CON15-1-4P284 (Libraries Tasmania)

Is the sister Matilda the second female? Did she accompany Ann on a crime spree?

Offence: Stealing lace valued £50- Pros(ecuted) in Uxbridge 12 mos (months) for base coin
George Barrow is the father of my youngest child.

Green, Ann [Barrow]_Convict Indent2

To date I don’t know what happened to the child as it appears only the eldest two girls came out to Hobart, Tasmania. The Female Convicts Research Centre have a child, George Green born 1847, listed in their database. On checking the English births index, this entry has the mother’s name as Wright, so this could very well be Ann & George Barrow’s child. So why does he have the name of Green? I’m getting more questions than answers and I might need to purchase this certificate.

Thomas/John and Ann Green had 2 more children in Tasmania, however both children died.  5 children were born prior to their transportation, plus another baby to George Barrow, but only the eldest Ann and Matilda survived to adulthood.

Getting back to Ann Barrow-Smith-Winker-Green-Wright and all her alias’, The Sun newspaper dated 14th December 1847 reads – Ann Barrow a married woman, was indicted for stealing 30 yards of lace, value 10l. the property of William Goodman and another.
It appeared from the evidence that the prisoner, on the 19th of November, made a purchase at the shop of Messrs. Goodman and Taylor, of Uxbridge, the prosecutors, and went away without suspicion. In the course of the next day the prisoner and her husband were given into custody for attempting to pass bad money. They were placed in a cart to be carried to the station-house, and one of the witnesses saw the prisoner stoop down and let something fall from her muff. On his return from the station-house he found the lace in question, tide up in a silk handkerchief. Upon inquiry at the shop of the prosecutor, it was found that a corresponding quantity of lace was missing from the stock.
Mr PAYNE, addressed the jury for the defence.
The jury returned a verdict of guilty.
There were two other cases of a similar nature against the prisoner, and the Common-Sergeant observing that she was a common shoplifter, sentenced her to be transported for seven years.
The court was occupied the remainder of the day with indictments for passing bad money.

Newgate Prison
Entry Number 16: Ann Barrow, age 30, married, 29 Nov 1847, charged with stealing 30 yards of lace, value £2, the property of William Goodman and another.
Ann was also detained for stealing 70 yards of lace, value £10, the property of Thomas Angell and another. Also for stealing 50 yards of lace, value £3, the property of Thomas Johnson and another.
She was tried on the 14th December, found guilty and sentenced to be transported for seven years.
Entry number 15: George Barrow alias Smith, 32, Hatter was sentenced for feloniously uttering counterfeit coin, well knowing the same to be counterfeit. He was found guilty on the 16th December and sentenced to seven years transportation.
[Piece Number 54; Folio 8; Find My Past]

We have not been able to find that George was transported at all.  On the 1852 Register of Prisoners on the Hulk Europa, at Gilbraltar, we find that George Smith alias Barrow was discharged 20th June 1852 and sent to England. Why? I have not been able to establish.
[Series PCOM2; Piece Number 137; Page Number 62; Find My Past]

Ann and her two children were sent to Tasmania (VDL- Van Diemen’s Land) per Elizabeth and Henry. The ship departed London on the 13th February 1848 with 169 female prisoners and 13 children and arrived in Hobart 30th June 1848. The girls were placed in the orphanage and Ann served 6 months on the hulk Anson as a 3rd class Probation Pass Holder.

The Anson was first a warship and first arrived in Hobart in 1844 landing 499 male convicts. She was refitted as a prison and towed to Prince of Wales Bay, Risdon, near Hobart, where she was moored. The Anson hulk was used to house female convicts from 1844 in an attempt to alleviate the overcrowding at Cascades Female Factory as more female convict ships arrived.

prison-hulk-discovery
Prison Hulk “Discover” image from http://www.findboatpics.net

On the 19th November 1849, Ann Barrow was placed in the employ of Thomas Cuddy of Hobart Town. A quick look into Thomas, I found that he too is a convict who was transported for burglary & robbery. His occupation is Shoemaker which incidentally is the same occupation as Ann’s husband Thomas Green.

Green, Ann [Barrow]_Employment

Ann received her Ticket of Leave in May 1851 and was granted a Conditional Pardon 3rd January 1853 and was Free by Servitude 13th December 1854. This latter entry came a bit late as Ann died 3rd June 1853 from inflammation of the lungs.

———

References:
A huge thanks to my friend Jean, in Queensland, who jumped on this research and helped with the gathering of information from Find My Past and other sources.
The Facebook group – Convicts – Specialty Research Group Australia, especially Maree Ring
The Female Convicts Research Centre – femaleconvicts.org.au

Links to previous blog posts of the Green family Dynasty can be found here.

Starting with Part 1 of the story.

About Jenny MacKay

Just a person who is looking forward to retirement and enjoying the golden years!
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