Orphan Annie

Ann Greene (Clinch Campbell)
Ann Green-Clinch- Campbell

Yes, that’s right! Ann Green (Clinch-Campbell), my 2x great grandmother, was placed into Queen’s Orphanage on arrival to Tasmania, with her sister Matilda Green (Year-Gamfield) on the 6th July 1848. Ever since I found out last year that their father Thomas alias John Green was a convict and was sent to Tasmania in 1845 per Theresa, I wanted to find out how and when his wife Ann and children Ann and Matilda arrived. With names like Green, it was never going to be easy.

I recently joined a Genealogy Facebook group, Convicts – Speciality Research. I’m already in several groups and I did question why I needed to join another one. Anyway, I did, how fortunate was that! I posted my connection to Tasmanian convict Thomas/John Green. I wrote that I had done extensive research on him, but was now looking to find the shipping arrivals of the family.

I knew his wife Ann and 2 daughters, Ann and Matilda came to Tasmania. John/Thomas’ wife Ann died in 1853 and her headstone is on a wall in St David’s churchyard, Hobart. One day I want to go there but for now, my brother Peter has been and seen the headstone. Many years ago, a friend visited the same churchyard and photographed it for me.

Both sister’s married in Hobart. My direct ancestor Ann first married John Clinch also a convict and Matilda married John Year a mariner. Both daughters remarried and my line is descended from Ann and Neil Campbell. (Not that I’ve found her marriage…yet!) Matilda went on to marry John Gamfield and has a long line of descendants originating in NSW. I visited her grave st the Rookwood Cemetery near Sydney last September.

Several people from the group came back to me with suggestions of how I might or might not find their arrival. With names like Ann Green, I had pretty well given up hope. BUT… one lady (Maree Ring) responded very late at night. It was late for me here in WA, so even later for her in Tasmania. She asked for some more detail on the children, their names, ages, etc. Shortly after, this was her reply “I have evidence that the wife and girls came on the ‘Elizabeth and Henry’...” Well, you only have to guess my response. What? How? When? Where?

This lady is a very experienced researcher in the Tasmanian Archives and through her due diligence she looked at the orphanage records and this is what was found.

Ann Barrow, 10, July 6th 1848; parents Ann Barrow & Thos Green
Matilda Barrow, 12
(Note: the ages should read Ann 12; Matilda 10)

Ann & Matilda Green-Barrow

Register of Children admitted and discharged from the Male and Female Orphan School
Series number: SWD28; 19 Mar 1828-31 Jul 1863; Tasmanian Archives; Kings/queens Orphans School (TA148)

Bingo! Thos Green was the bit that stood out. But who is this Ann Barrow and why are the children named Barrow?

Matilda was placed in The Queen’s Orphanage on 6th July 1848 and discharged into her mother’s care on the 28th November 1850 while Ann was admitted on the 6th July 1848 and discharged the 13th July 1848 to G F Miller, Hobart. She only spent 7 days there.

The Orphan School, built by convict labour, operated from 1833 until its closure in 1879. In 1848, when Charles O’Hara Booth – formerly in charge of the Point Puer boy’s prison – was superintendent, there were 463 children at the institution, of whom 411 were the children of convicts and seven were Aboriginal. Reports indicate that conditions within the school were harsh: the buildings were sparsely furnished and cold; food was often in short supply; and many of those responsible for caring for the children treated them harshly. Epidemics of scarlet fever in the 1840s, measles in the 1860s, whooping cough and scarletina in the 1870s exacted a heavy toll among the children in the Orphan School. In the 1850s the rights of the children at the school were championed by Edward Swarbreck Hall, a medical practitioner committed to improving public and institutional healthcare. In 1859 an inquiry was established, largely as a result of his criticisms. Although the management of the school was exonerated from blame, conditions at the school, particularly in terms of dietary requirements, improved. Hall continued to advocate on behalf of the children at the school and further inquiries were held in 1867 and 1871, both of which further undermined the viability of the school, which finally closed its doors in 1879. (www.orphanschool.org.au)

The Tasmanian Archives have digitised the convict records so it didn’t take long to pull up the entries for Ann Barrow, mother. The conduct record (CON41-1-17P13) gave the following details:
Police No: 901; Barrow Ann; Tried: CCC (Central Criminal Court) 13th Dec 1847; Embarked: 7 years; Arrived 30th June 1848; Protestant; Read & Write
Transported for: Larceny, Gaol report 2nd conviction; married & 3 children stated; stealing lace value £50; Proved in Uxbridge; 12 months for base coin; surgeon’s report good; married and 3 children; George Barrow is the father of my youngest child; husband John Green transported by the “Theresa”.
Trade: needlewoman & house servant; height 5’2″; age 33; pale and freckled complexion; large head; hair brown turning grey; visage long; forehead medium; eyebrows light brown; eyes grey; nose medium; mouth small; chin medium; native place London.
Marks: None; Period of Gang Probation: 6 months; Station Gang: Anson; Class: 3rd 28/2/1849; Ticket of Leave 3/6/1851; Sept 16/51 recommended for a Conditional Pardon; Conditional Pardon approved 11/1/1853.

Green, Ann [Barrow]_Conduct record

Conduct Record CON41-1-17P13 (Tasmanian Archives)

In my next blog post, I’ll give more details on Ann Barrow’s criminal activity that saw her sent to Tasmania. Was it deliberate so that she could be with her husband? Even though she had another child to her partner in crime, George Barrow?

About Jenny MacKay

Just a person who is looking forward to retirement and enjoying the golden years!
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5 Responses to Orphan Annie

  1. What a find Jenny! I need to know your FB group too please. So from being almost “convictless” you are now littered.

    • Jenny MacKay says:

      Pretty awesome. Finding a convict is like gold time genealogist. The group is called Convicts – Speciality Research Australia. There are other convict groups and they’ve all been great. It was just pure chance I posed a question in a different way and caught the eye of someone who had knowledge of the orphan files.

  2. Eilene Lyon says:

    The history is fascinating. I think a lot of those crimes must have been committed due to desperation in difficult circumstances.

  3. Damon says:

    Cant wait for the next instalment, better than Prisoner Call Block H !

    Clearly very harsh times back then and no wonder you Aussies are such a tough and strong people

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