History of the Census

census is a systematic procedure for recording information about the members of a given household. It is a regularly occurring and official count of the population.

The first census of New South Wales was taken in November 1828. Its purpose was to record all inhabitants of the colony, both convicts and free settlers. Censuses were taken in 1833, 1836, 1841, 1846, 1851, 1856, and 1861. Beginning in 1901 they were conducted once every ten years, however few of them still exist. The 1828 census is the only complete Australian census that has survived to present day.  [Ref: ancestry.com.au] Therefore, we will not find our Caddy’s on any census records in Australia.

However, in saying that, Australia had Post Office Directories, Electoral Rolls and Shipping Records.  So from time to time, I will list copies ofthese to show where we find the Caddy family when they settled in Western Australia.

The census for England was taken every 10 years and we can follow the Caddy family from the time they immigrated to England from Ireland through to when they arrived in Western Australia. We can also trace the family that stayed behind.

The first full government census of Ireland was taken in 1821 with further censuses at ten-yearly intervals from 1831 through to 1911. No census was taken in 1921, because of the War of Independence. The first census of the population of the Irish Free State was taken in 1926.  The original census returns for 1861 and 1871 were destroyed shortly after the censuses were taken. Those for 1881 and 1891 were pulped during the First World War, probably because of the paper shortage. The returns for 1821, 1831, 1841 and 1851 were, apart from a few survivals, notably for a few counties for 1821 and 1831, destroyed in 1922 in the fire at the Public Record Office at the beginning of the Civil War. [Ref: National Archives of Ireland]

Therefore, we will not find our Caddy’s on the Census records of Ireland, however we will pick them up in various other records.


About Jenny MacKay

Just a person who is looking forward to retirement and enjoying the golden years!
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2 Responses to History of the Census

  1. raymond says:

    going well jenny learning lots i did not know.

    • Jenny MacKay says:

      Thanks Uncle Ray. Glad you’re enjoying the journey. I’m learning lots too as I piece this all together.

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